Know the Reasons Behind Getting Dark Spots on the Face
The cosmetic world is one that has grown a lot over the years. People are finding more interest in looking as cosmetically appealing as possible. The innovations brought about by technology have made it virtually possible for anyone to look exactly like they would want. There is no fault in improving your aesthetic appearance, especially if that involves getting a smoother face by getting rid of acne.
More about Dark Spots on The Face
Dark spots on the skin is a condition that is called hyperpigmentation. It happens when part of the skin of a person produces more melanin than other parts of the body.
Technically, melanin is important in the body because it gives color to different features of the body, including the eyes, hair, as well as the skin. The more melanin there is in a particular area, the darker it appears. Dark spots on the skin are not necessarily a cause for alarm. You do not experience pain or discomfort because of hyperpigmentation. Choosing to get rid of the dark spots is often a decision people make for the sake of improving their cosmetic appearance.
Dark sports differ in pigmentation, ranging from light brown to dark brown. The effects of hyperpigmentation are more evident in people with lighter skin than those with darker skin. The hyperpigmentation often happens on the parts of the body that are directly exposed to the sun, including the following:
- Back of the hand
What Causes Hyperpigmentation?
The causes of dark spots on the skin differ from one person to another. The causes can be categorized in the following reasons:
- Sun damage – the sun releases ultraviolet rays that are harmful to the skin. If you spend a lot of time basking in the sun without sunscreen or finding a shade, your skin may develop hyperpigmentation. These pigmentations are also called solar lentigines, sunspots or liver spots.
- Acne – it is a condition that causes inflammation of the skin in different parts. Different types of acne affect the skin differently. If you poorly handle acne, it not only spreads the inflammation but also results in dark sports. The best way to treat acne has always been by seeking professional help from a dermatologist. Treatment options like PicoSure treatment will best resolve the acne without causing dark spots.
- Hormonal changes – most women suffer hyperpigmentation because of hormonal changes. Especially during pregnancy, parts of the skin tend to turn darker than the rest of the skin. The problem is called melasma and is more common in women during pivotal moments in their lives like pregnancy.
- Skin diseases – some skin diseases cause darkening of the skin by promoting inflammation. Such include psoriasis, injury on the face, eczema, to mention a few.
- Healing of wounds – wounds heal by leaving scaring tissue to promote regeneration of the damaged tissue. The scaring is often a shade darker than the color of the skin. It is why most people will notice dark spots after healing from insect bites, boils, cuts, and even burns.
How to Remove Dark Spots from the Skin
Treating dark spots on the skin is not a necessity. The body will eventually allow the dark spots to fade. However, some people are uncomfortable with their appearance inclusive of hyperpigmentation, especially when the spots are on the face. For such, treatment options are available, including the following:
- Laser dark spot removal – laser technology is used to lighten the dark spots on the face. Different types of lasers are used, relying on intense pulse light to achieve the intended goal.
- Lightening creams – these creams are available in pharmaceutical outlets near you. However, it is not advisable to use them as self-prescribed medication. Visits a dermatologist to consult on which cream is best for you and how you should apply them for the best results. Overuse of these creams ends up lightening your entire skin and getting rid of the necessity of melanin for skin protection.
- Chemical peels – special solutions are applied to the face to exfoliate the skin. The exfoliation leads to the production of new skin cells, gradually fading the overly pigmented ones.
- Microdermabrasion – it is the use of a special device that features an abrasive surface. The abrasive surface gets rid of the top layer of skin, stimulating collagen production. The collagen helps fade the dark spots.